According to the “Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)” the environmental industry consists of activities which produce goods and services to measure, prevent, limit and minimize or correct environmental damage to water, air and soil, as well as problems related to waste, noise, and eco-systems”.
This sector deals with dust control, road stabilization, water desalination, wastewater treatment, solar energy, waste management, air pollution along with providing environmental services and equipment.
ICPDC consults government organizations and other private companies about methods with the aim of environmental conservation and strives to plan and develop chemical parks based in energy management and environmental protection. Two major activities in this field are described as follows:
Erosion is the removal of surface material from Earth’s crust, primarily soil and rock debris, and the transportation of the eroded materials by natural agencies (such as water or wind) from the point of removal. Erosion will often occur after rock has been disintegrated or altered through weathering. Weathered rock material will be removed from its original site and transported way by a natural agent.
Wind erosion is one of the most important problems in desert that damage various areas. Lands Agriculture, villages, railways, airports and industrial areas, etc. may be affected by wind erosion and suspended particles.
Therefore, there is the need to develop soil management practices such as using mulches. Different types of materials such as wheat straw, rice straw or husk, plastic film, grass, wood, sand, oil layer, etc. could be used as mulch. Due to the high exorbitant price and environmental issues of oil mulch, it is inevitable to use alternative mulch like mineral mulch. In comparison with oil mulch, mineral mulch has several advantages: Mineral mulch provides a better soil environment; moderates soil temperature; increases soil porosity and water infiltration rate during intensive rain and controls runoff.
Benefits of a dust control program:
Water supply is the process of self-provision or provision by third parties in the water industry, commonly a public utility, of water resources of various qualities to different users. The most important water resources on the planet consisted of: groundwater (wells, springs and aqueducts), rainfall and surface waters (river, lake, sea and ocean).
Water shortage affects on not only human and industrial activities but also appropriate food production. Therefore, alternative water resources such as saline water and effluent could be used in industry. Types of saline water sources are consisted of ocean, geothermal water, brackish groundwater and surface waters. Wastewater also includes municipal and industrial effluent. ICPDC investigates various types of available options to water supply needed by each industrial unit. Options which are offered by the company include: